android test automation framework

With businesses focusing more and more on app development, it has become an uphill struggle for human testers to manage the increased workload of apps testing correctly. “Now,” if you are a professional tester who is sifting through the same challenge, we can understand your pain. But the question is, will sympathizing for a moment, in this case, reduce your suffering anyway? We don’t think so! “But, why?” you might ask. Well, it’s for the simple reason that “actions speak louder than words.” Isn’t it? So, what does that mean? It means you must do something to get “rid” of this issue and still be “able” to deliver the work with the highest accuracy. But the question is “what?” What can you do to speed up your app testing and release it quickly on respective platforms, like Google Play Store or Apple App Store? Well, that’s where “Test Automation Framework” comes in. 

So, what is this framework, and how can it help you accelerate your app testing process? We will learn all that in this blog today, along with some examples of excellent testing frameworks that can aid you in performing the application testing with ease. So, let’s start with:

What is Test Automation Framework?

You can perceive “Test Automation Framework” as a “large” software package that consists of a set of rules and tools to create multiple test cases for your application inspection. And do you know what the main aim of these automated frameworks is? Well, they help you to carry out myriads of testing functions more “easily and efficiently.” 

Not just that; to reduce your app testing time and efforts, some tools also offer the features like parallel testing that make it easy to run hundreds of tests for different cases simultaneously. If that’s not all, you can also leverage special features of some cross-browser testing tools that allow you to create test cases for one browser and re-run the same in different browsers. “But what is its benefit?” you might ask. Well, it helps you behold the behavior of your application and report errors if any. Ok? Got it?

Now, let’s jump directly to the most instrumental topic in this post that reads like:

Five Best Android Test Automation Frameworks that every QA must learn  

Now before we go into the core details and start sharing essential information with you, you must know that every software discussed below has a different goal to achieve. “Now, why did we say that?” you might ask. Well, it’s for the simple reason that every Test Automation Framework listed here has its “own” pros and cons. And it depends on your needs which software you want to use for accomplishing your app testing goals. 

For instance, if you are looking for a feature-rich application that can test both your Android and iOS versions “perfectly,” choosing cross-platform frameworks like Appium and Calabash will do the trick. However, if you want to “test” Android apps only, Espresso will work wonders for you. So, everything boils down to the point that before you pick an automation framework for testing your mobile or web applications, make sure to determine your needs, whether it is: functional testing, performance testing, payments testing, security testing, compatibility testing, or localization testing. Ok? Now, let’s glance at all the frameworks you are waiting for:

1. Appium

Appium is one of the reputed test automation frameworks that turns out to be very useful when testing native, hybrid, or web apps for various operating systems, including Android and iOS. This software uses JSONWireProtocol to interact with different “OS’s” apps using Selenium’s WebDriver. What else? In “order” to support the Android testing, it uses UI Automator (API level 16 or higher) and Selendroid (API level less than 16). While to support the iOS testing, it has UI Automation at its disposal. 

2. Calabash 

Calabash is another popular automation framework on this list “that” is suitable for cross-platform testing of iOS and Android native and hybrid apps. And do you know what the best part of this software is? It has an easy-to-understand syntax that enables even testers from non-technical backgrounds to create and execute automated tests for “different” apps on “different” platforms. 

3. Detox

Detox is a JavaScript mobile app testing framework that allows you to cover the test execution from the launch of the application to its end. 

Some of its “key” characteristics are: 

A. It is highly debuggable compared to other test automation frameworks out there

B. It is faster than Appium when it comes to Test Execution

C. It is integrable into applications that get coded using React Native

D. It is easy to utilize since it has “great” API documentation

4. UI Automator 

UI Automator has the edge over other basic frameworks on the web as it helps you execute more UI testing for Android-based apps and games. 

Besides this, some of its classes that are available for developer’s use are:






5. Espresso

Last but not least, Espresso is the new kid on the block for the app testing industry that is widely available for testers and developers to test the user interfaces of their applications thoroughly. And do you know what the most incredible thing about this automation framework is? Well, Google made it an open-source tool for easy use by professionals, which also has a superb API, i.e., tiny and predictable for easy learning. 


We hope you learned plenty of things through this write-up, whether the definition of test automation frameworks or some of its optimal examples. So, if you liked this piece of text and want to opt for top-tier app testing services now, we recommend reaching out to the most experienced app testing firm in the USA right away.